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DEFENDING  THE  BRIDE

 

 

Literal Scriptural Passages of Catholic Doctrine

This page is formatted in both Quick Verse and Full Verse format 
 

Quick Verse

Eucharist Real Presence

Matthew 26:26-28
“Take and eat; this is my body. 
... this is my blood of the covenant, which will be shed on behalf of many for the forgiveness of sins.”

Also see  Mark 14:22-24,   Luke  22: 19-20.

John 6:48-64
“the bread that I will give is my flesh ... “Amen, amen, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you do not have life within you.   Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life...  For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink.  Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood ...”

1 Corinthians 10:16
“a participation in the blood of Christ?”

John 15:4-6
“If a man does not abide in me, he is cast forth as a branch and withers... thrown into the fire...”

John 6:56
“He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me.”   

The word “abide” in the above verses, Jn 6:56 and 15:6, is the same Greek word, Strong’s number 3306, which is sometimes translated as “remain,” or as in this case “abide.”   The context makes clear that we must remain, or abide, in Christ because if we do not remain in His grace then we lose that union with Him by which we are saved.

 

 

It is Finished

John 19:30   
“…It is finished…”

 The  it  here cannot be a reference to our Justification because we read in

Romans 4:25
“ …who was put to death for our trespasses and raised for our justification.”

1 Corinthians 15:17
“If Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your sins.”

Lk 13:32
“(Jesus says)
‘Behold, I cast out demons and I perform healings today and tomorrow, and on the third day I accomplish my purpose.” NAB

The third day is a reference to Easter Sunday, the day He rose from the dead.

 

Baptism

– is a saving Sacrament and the means into a saving relationship with Jesus Christ.

1 Peter 3:21
“This prefigured baptism, which saves you now.”

Romans 6:3-4
“ baptized into Christ Jesus”

Titus 3:5
“... saved us through the bath of rebirth and renewal by the holy Spirit” 

Acts 2:38
“Repent, and be baptized ... for the forgiveness of your sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.’ ”

Acts 22:13-16
“baptized and your sins washed away”

Matthew 28:18-20
“make disciples ... baptizing them ...”

Jesus United to His Church

Acts 9:4-5
“ Saul, why are you persecuting me? ”

Matthew 25:40, 45-46
“did for one of these least ... you did for me..”

Luke 10:16  
“Whoever listens to you listens to me.”

 

Church Authority and Hierarchy

Saint Peter’s role as the earthly head of the Church

Matthew 23:1-3
“chair of Moses.” 

Matthew 16:16-19
“you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church ...  I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.”

John 1:42
 “called Kephas  (which is translated Peter).”

John 21:15-17
“Feed my lambs ...Tend my sheep. ...Feed my sheep.”

 

Luke 22:28-32
“It is you who have stood by me in my trials;  and I confer a kingdom on you, just as my Father ... Satan has demanded to sift all of you  [plural]  like wheat,  but I have prayed that your [singular]  own faith may not fail ...” 

[The original meaning of the Greek explained in brackets above.]

 

1 Timothy 3:15
 “the church ... the pillar and foundation of truth.”

1 Timothy 4:13-16
... attend to the reading, exhortation, and teaching.  ... imposition of hands.”

2 Timothy 1:6
 “imposition of my hands.”

See detailed explanation of what the laying or imposition of hands means in Apostolic Succession.

Titus 1:5
“ you ... appoint presbyters ... as I directed you ...”

Titus 2:15
“Exhort and correct with all authority...”

To read more on the hierarchical aspect of the Church, see Apostolic Succession.

Confession

and How One  Obtains   Forgiveness  of  Sins  Committed  After  Baptism

John 20:21-23
 “Receive the holy Spirit.  Whose sins you forgive are forgiven them, and whose sins you retain are retained.”

James 5:14-16  
“… summon the presbyters ... confess your sins to one another .”

(Notice it does not say to confess ones sins only to God.)

1 John 5:16-17
 “sin that is not deadly.”

Therefore, some sins are venial and some are mortal.

 

Mary

Luke 1:46-48
“And Mary said,
‘My soul magnifies the Lord ... all generations will call me blessed ...”

 

Individual Responsibility

James 4:17
“So for one who knows the right thing to do and does not do it, it is a sin.”

Luke 12:48
“ … and the servant who was ignorant of his master’s will but acted in a way deserving of a severe beating shall be beaten only lightly.”

 

Justification, not by Faith Alone

 

James 2:24
“See how a person is justified by works and not by faith alone.”

Romans 2:5-11
... just judgment of God,  who will repay everyone according to his works...”

Philippians 2:12-13 
“work out your own salvation with fear and trembling”
RSV

Matthew 25:31-45
 “ For I was hungry and you gave me food...”

Matthew 7:21-23
 “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only the one who does the will of my Father’ ”

Matthew 19:16-19 
“... to have eternal life?’  ... keep the commandments.”  
RSV

1 John 5:2-3  
“... obey his commandments.  For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments.”

1 John 5:1-3
“For the love of God is this, that we keep his commandments.” 

Hebrews 5:9
“salvation for all who obey him”

Hebrews 12:14
“Strive ... for the holiness without which no one will see the Lord.”   RSV

Matthew 24:13
“But the one who perseveres to the end will be saved.”

Colossians 1:24
“Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake ...”

Galatians 5:6
“ faith working through love.” 

Philippians 4:13
“I can do all things in him who strengthens me.”

Matthew 18:33-35 
“  to the jailers, till ... Father will do to every one of you, if you do not forgive your brother from your heart.”  
RSV

Matthew 6:12, 14-15
“ if you do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.”

1 Corinthians 7:18-19
“For neither circumcision counts for anything nor uncircumcision, but keeping the commandments of God.”

 

Galatians 5:19-22 
“Now the works of the flesh are ... those who do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.”   

1 Corinthians 13:2-3 
“ … and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing.”
  RSV   

 

Romans 1:5
“ obedience of faith  …”

Romans 16:26
“ obedience of faith ...”

 

2 Corinthians 5:10 
“before the judgment seat ... according to what he has done in the body.”  
RSV

Revelation 20:12
“The dead were judged according to their deeds...”

 

 

Bible, NOT  Alone

1 Corinthians 11:2
“ hold fast to the traditions...”

2 Thessalonians 2:15
“hold fast to the traditions ... by an oral statement or by a letter...”

 

 

Purgatory

 

1 Corinthians   3:9-17
“Each man’s work will become manifest; for the Day will disclose it, because it will be revealed with fire, and the fire will test what sort of work each one has done...If any man’s work is burned up, he will suffer loss, though he himself will be saved, but only as through fire
.

Lk 12:59; 1 Cor 3: 9-17  “... temporary agony.

 Heb 12:6-11   “... God's painful discipline.

 Mt 12:32   “... no forgiveness ... nor in the age to come.”

 1 Pet 3: 18-19 - Mat 5:25-26    ... (purgatory) - “prison”

 Rev 21:27   “... nothing unclean shall enter heaven.”

 Matthew 6:14-15    Our forgiveness must be perfect

 Heb 12:23   ... souls in heaven are perfect.

 Col 1:24; 2 Sam 12:14 ... extra... suffering.

 2 Mac 12:43-46   ... sacrifice for the dead.

 2 Tim 1:15-18 ... prayer for Onesiphorus for "that Day."

1 Jn 5:14-17 ... mortal/venial sins - Not all sins Deadly, i.e. mortal

 2 Sam 12:13-14  Guilt  vs  punishment

See more on Purgatory

 

Misc

John 5:16-17
“My Father is at work until now, so I am at work.”

 

Full Verse

Eucharist Real Presence

Matthew 26:26-28
“While they were eating, Jesus took bread, said the blessing, broke it, and giving it to his disciples said, “Take and eat; this is my body.” 
Then he took a cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you,  for this is my blood of the covenant, which will be shed on behalf of many for the forgiveness of sins.

Also see  Mark 14:22-24,   Luke  22: 19-20.

John 6:48-64
“I am the bread of life.   Your ancestors ate the manna in the desert, but they died;  this is the bread that comes down from heaven so that one may eat it and not die.   I am the living bread that came down from heaven; whoever eats this bread will live forever; and the bread that I will give is my flesh for the life of the world.”   The Jews quarreled among themselves, saying, “How can this man give us (his) flesh to eat?” 
Jesus said to them, Amen, amen, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you do not have life within you.   Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him on the last day.   For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink.  Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me and I in him. .. .. .
64 But there are some of you who do not believe.” Jesus knew from the beginning the ones who would not believe and the one who would betray him.

1 Corinthians 10:16
“The cup of blessing that we bless, is it not a participation in the blood of Christ? The bread that we break, is it not a participation in the body of Christ?”

John 15:4-6
Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit by itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in me.5 I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in me, and I in him, he it is that bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing.6 If a man does not abide in me, he is cast forth as a branch and withers; and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire and burned.”  Cf. Ezekiel 15:6-7  “…the fire shall devour them.”

John 6:56
“He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me, and I in him.”   

The word “abide” in the above verses, Jn 6:56 and 15:6, is the same Greek word, Strong’s number 3306, which is sometimes translated as “remain,” or as in this case “abide.”   The context makes clear that we must remain, or abide, in Christ because if we do not remain in His grace then we lose that union with Him by which we are saved.

 

 

It is Finished

John 19:30   
“…It is finished…”

 The  it  here cannot be a reference to our Justification because we read in

Romans 4:25
“ …who was put to death for our trespasses and raised for our justification.”

1 Corinthians 15:17
“If Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your sins.”

 

Baptism

– is a saving Sacrament and the means into a saving relationship with Jesus Christ.

1 Peter 3:21
“This prefigured baptism, which saves you now.”

Romans 6:3-4
“Or are you unaware that we who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death?  We were indeed buried with him through baptism into death, so that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might live in newness of life.”

Titus 3:5
“not because of any righteous deeds we had done but because of his mercy, he saved us through the bath of rebirth and renewal by the holy Spirit” 

Acts 2:38
“And Peter said to them,  ‘Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.’

Acts 22:13-16
“ … Saul, my brother, regain your sight… “The God of our ancestors designated you to know his will … Now, why delay? Get up and have yourself baptized and your sins washed away, calling upon his name.”

Matthew 28:18-20
“Then Jesus approached and said to them, “All power in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, until the end of the age.”

Jesus United to His Church

Acts 9:4-5
“ … saying to him,  ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?’   He said,  ‘Who are you, sir?’   The reply came,  ‘I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting. …’ ”

Matthew 25:40, 45-46
“ ‘Amen, I say to you, whatever you did for one of these least brothers of mine, you did for me.’ … He will answer them, ‘Amen, I say to you, what you did not do for one of these least ones, you did not do for me.’   And these will go off to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life.”

Luke 10:16  
“Whoever listens to you listens to me. Whoever rejects you rejects me. And whoever rejects me rejects the one who sent me.”

 

Church Authority and Hierarchy

Saint Peter’s role as the earthly head of the Church

Matthew 23:1-3
“Then Jesus spoke to the crowds and to his disciples, saying, “The scribes and the Pharisees have taken their seat on the chair of Moses.  Therefore, do and observe all things whatsoever they tell you, but do not follow their example. For they preach but they do not practice.

Therefore, a person's sins do not disqualify them from being an authority in teaching and governing God's Church.

Matthew 28:18-20
“Then Jesus approached and said to them, “All power in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, until the end of the age.”

Matthew 16:16-19
“Simon Peter said in reply, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.”  Jesus said to him in reply, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah. For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my heavenly Father.  And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it.  I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven.  Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.”

John 1:42
“... . Jesus looked at him and said, “You are Simon the son of John; you will be called Kephas” (which is translated Peter).”

John 21:15-17
“When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, do you love me more than these?” He said to him, “Yes, Lord, you know that I love you.” He said to him, “Feed my lambs.”  

“He then said to him a second time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” He said to him, “Yes, Lord, you know that I love you.” He said to him, “Tend my sheep.”

“He said to him the third time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” Peter was distressed that he had said to him a third time, “Do you love me?” and he said to him, “Lord, you know everything; you know that I love you.” (Jesus) said to him, “Feed my sheep.

 

Luke 22:28-32
“It is you who have stood by me in my trials;  and I confer a kingdom on you, just as my Father has conferred one on me, that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom; and you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
31 “Simon, Simon, behold Satan has demanded to sift all of you  [plural]  like wheat,  but I have prayed that your [singular]  own faith may not fail; and once you [singular]  have turned back, you must strengthen your brothers.” 

[The original meaning of the Greek explained in brackets above.]

 

1 Timothy 3:15
“But if I should be delayed, you should know how to behave in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and foundation of truth.

1 Timothy 4:13-16
“Until I arrive, attend to the reading, exhortation, and teaching.  14 Do not neglect the gift you have, which was conferred on you through the prophetic word with the imposition of hands of the presbyterate. . .. .. Attend to yourself and to your teaching; persevere in both tasks, for by doing so you will save both yourself and those who listen to you.

2 Timothy 1:6
“For this reason, I remind you to stir into flame the gift of God that you have through the imposition of my hands.

See detailed explanation of what the laying or imposition of hands means in Apostolic Succession.

2 Timothy 2:2
“And what you heard from me through many witnesses entrust to faithful people who will have the ability to teach others as well.

Titus 1:5
“For this reason I left you in Crete so that you might set right what remains to be done and appoint presbyters in every town, as I directed you,

Titus 2:15
“Say these things. Exhort and correct with all authority. Let no one look down on you.

To read more on the hierarchical aspect of the Church, see Apostolic Succession.

Confession

and How One  Obtains   Forgiveness  of  Sins  Committed  After  Baptism

John 20:21-23
“(Jesus) said to them again, “Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, so I send you.”  And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the holy Spirit.  Whose sins you forgive are forgiven them, and whose sins you retain are retained.”

James 5:14-16  
“… summon the presbyters of the church … If he has committed any sins, he will be forgiven.  Therefore, confess your sins to one another and … The fervent prayer of a righteous person is very powerful.”

(Notice it does not say to confess ones sins only to God.)

1 John 5:16-17
“If anyone sees his brother sinning, if the sin is not deadly, he should pray to God and he will give him life. This is only for those whose sin is not deadly. There is such a thing as deadly sin, about which I do not say that you should pray.  All wrongdoing is sin, but there is sin that is not deadly.

Therefore, some sins are venial and some are mortal.

 

Mary

Luke 1:46-48
“And Mary said,
“My soul magnifies the Lord,  and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior, for he has regarded the low estate of his handmaiden.
For behold, henceforth all generations will call me blessed..."

 

Individual Responsibility

John 9:41
“Jesus said to them, ‘If you were blind, you would have no sin; but now you are saying,  “We see,”  so your sin remains.’ ”

John 15:22
“If I had not come and spoken to them, they would have no sin; but as it is they have no excuse for their sin.”

James 4:17
“So for one who knows the right thing to do and does not do it, it is a sin.”

Luke 12:48
“ … and the servant who was ignorant of his master’s will but acted in a way deserving of a severe beating shall be beaten only lightly. Much will be required of the person entrusted with much, and still more will be demanded of the person entrusted with more.”

 

Justification, not by Faith Alone

 

James 2:24
“See how a person is justified by works and not by faith alone.

Romans 2:5-11
“By your stubbornness and impenitent heart, you are storing up wrath for yourself for the day of wrath and revelation of the just judgment of God,  who will repay everyone according to his works:   eternal life to those who seek glory, honor, and immortality through perseverance in good works,  but wrath and fury to those who selfishly disobey the truth and obey wickedness.   Yes, affliction and distress will come upon every human being who does evil, Jew first and then Greek.   But there will be glory, honor, and peace for everyone who does good, Jew first and then Greek.  There is no partiality with God.

Philippians 2:12-13 
“Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling; for God is at work in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure."
RSV

Matthew 25:31-45
 “When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit upon his glorious throne,  and all the nations will be assembled before him. And he will separate them one from another, as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.   He will place the sheep on his right and the goats on his left.   Then the king will say to those on his right, ‘Come, you who are blessed by my Father. Inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.   For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me drink, .. .. ..   Then he will say to those on his left, ‘Depart from me, you accursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.  For I was hungry and you gave me no food, I was thirsty and you gave me no drink,  a stranger and you gave me no welcome, naked and you gave me no clothing, ill and in prison, and you did not care for me.’   Then they will answer and say, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or ill or in prison, and not minister to your needs?’   He will answer them, ‘Amen, I say to you, what you did not do for one of these least ones, you did not do for me.’

Matthew 7:21-23
 “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only the one who does the will of my Father in heaven.   Many will say to me on that day, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name? Did we not drive out demons in your name? Did we not do mighty deeds in your name?’ Then I will declare to them solemnly, ‘I never knew you. Depart from me, you evildoers.’

Matthew 19:16-19 
“And behold, one came up to him, saying,  ‘Teacher, what good deed must I do, to have eternal life?’  And he said to him,  ‘… If you would enter life, keep the commandments.’   He said to him,  ‘Which?’   And Jesus said,  ‘You shall not kill, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not steal…’ ”  
RSV

1 John 5:2-3  
“By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God and obey his commandments.  For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments.”

1 John 5:1-3
“Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ is begotten by God, and everyone who loves the father loves (also) the one begotten by him.   In this way we know that we love the children of God when we love God and obey his commandments.  For the love of God is this, that we keep his commandments. And his commandments are not burdensome” 

Hebrews 5:9
“ … he (Christ) became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him”

Hebrews 12:14
“Strive for peace with all men, and for the holiness without which no one will see the Lord.”   RSV

Matthew 24:13
“But the one who perseveres to the end will be saved.

Colossians 1:24
“Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I am filling up what is lacking in the afflictions of Christ on behalf of his body, which is the church,

Galatians 5:6
“For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision is of any avail, but faith working through love.” 

Philippians 4:13
“I can do all things in him who strengthens me.”

Matthew 18:33-35 
“ ‘ … and should not you have had mercy on your fellow servant, as I had mercy on you?’ And in anger his lord delivered him to the jailers, till he should pay all his debt. So also my heavenly Father will do to every one of you, if you do not forgive your brother from your heart.”  
RSV

Matthew 6:12, 14-15
“And forgive us our debts,  As we also have forgiven our debtors … 14 For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father also will forgive you; but if you do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

1 Corinthians 7:18-19
For neither circumcision counts for anything nor uncircumcision, but keeping the commandments of God."

Romans 11:13-24
“Now I am speaking to you Gentiles. … 19 You will say,  'Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in.'   That is true. They were broken off because of their unbelief, but you stand fast only through faith.  So do not become proud, but stand in awe.   For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will he spare you.  Note then the kindness and the severity of God: severity toward those who have fallen, but God’s kindness to you, provided you continue in his kindness; otherwise you too will be cut off.”
     RSV

Galatians 5:19-22 
“Now the works of the flesh are plain: fornication, impurity, licentiousness, idolatry, sorcery, enmity, strife, jealousy, anger, selfishness, dissension, party spirit, envy, drunkenness, carousing, and the like. I warn you, as I warned you before, that those who do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God."   

1 Corinthians 13:2-3 
“ … and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing.   If I give away all I have, and if I deliver my body to be burned, but have not love, I gain nothing.”
  RSV   

Now if St. Paul believed that we are saved by faith alone he would have had to say, 

“If I only have faith at least I am a saved Christian.”

 

Romans 1:5
“... through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith for the sake of his name among all the nations …"

Romans 16:26
“... but is now disclosed and through the prophetic writings is made known to all nations, according to the command of the eternal God, to bring about the obedience of faith ..."

RSV (emphasis added)

2 Corinthians 5:10 
“For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may receive good or evil, according to what he has done in the body.”  
RSV

Revelation 20:12
“I saw the dead, the great and the lowly, standing before the throne, and scrolls were opened. Then another scroll was opened, the book of life. The dead were judged according to their deeds, by what was written in the scrolls.”

 More on Justification

 

Bible, NOT  Alone

We must distinguish between Bible Exegesis and Bible Isogesis.  Exegesis is where we determine what the Bible is saying.  Isogesis means to read into the Bible what the Bible is not saying. 

1 Corinthians 11:2
“I praise you because you remember me in everything and hold fast to the traditions, just as I handed them on to you.”

2 Thessalonians 2:15
“Therefore, brothers, stand firm and hold fast to the traditions that you were taught, either by an oral statement or by a letter of ours.”

While some traditions are bad the Traditions passed on by the Apostles through the Church are to be adhered to.  Some are oral and some are by letter, that is the written Bible.  For example the Canon of the Bible, that is, the list of books that belong in it - 73 books and not 66 books - are passed on by oral tradition.

 

Misc

John 5:16-17
“Therefore, the Jews began to persecute Jesus because he did this on a sabbath.  But Jesus answered them, “My Father is at work until now, so I am at work.”

1 Corinthians 9:22
“I have become all things to all men, that I might by all means save some.”

See more on :

Jesus is God  Purgatory

Also see Michael Hager's site
Scripture To Support Our Catholic Beliefs

 

 

 

 

 
 

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