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Bible  Codex   Amiatinus 

Codex Amiatinus  ( AD  688 - 713 )  is a Bible which was produced by monks at the twin monastery of Wearmouth-Jarrow.  Abbot Ceolfrith, of Wearmouth-Jarrow, set off on a journey to Rome with the Bible as a gift to Pope Gregory II.


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The Codex Amiatinus was one of three great single-volume Bibles made at Wearmouth-Jarrow.


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Ceolfrith’s died on the journey to Rome in 716 at Langres monastery in France and his followers took the Codex Amiatinus on to Rome and presented it to the Pope.  It is the only one of the three volumes to survive, although there a few loose pages of the second copy.  It is the oldest one-volume Latin Bible to survive in the world.


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Ezra is shown writing a manuscript on his lap, seated before an open book cupboard containing a Bible in nine volumes. The illumination is among the oldest images in the Western world to show a bookcase and the bindings of books.


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Above  you looking at two sides of the same page.  Notice how the ink has bleed through.  It shows the end of the Old Testament, 2 Maccabees, and the beginning of the New Testament with Jesus Christ sitting on His throne.


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The above page shows the end of the Book of Tobit (Thobiae) and the beginning of the Book of Judith  (Iudith).

(There is no letter J in the Latin alphabet. Originally, I and J were different shapes for the same letter. The letter J was added much later to the Romance Languages, in AD 1524 in Italian.  Notice how the I and the J are drawn similarly in small cursive.  i  j  .  Only these two letter have a dot on top.)


Ceolfrid, of Wearmouth, Saint, AD  642-716
Gregory II, Pope, died 731
Date Created
Around  AD  688 - 713


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The bible is written not on paper but on vellum, which is made from the stretched and processed hides of cows and sheep. This is durable and hard-wearing but also much bulkier than paper, meaning that the leather bound bible is both
half a meter tall, over a foot thick and weighs 74 pounds, or 34 kg.



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"It is an incredible thing. It has over 1000 leaves [of vellum], requiring the skins of more than 1000 animals in it. The spine of the book is almost 15 centimeters thick," Breay said. "It is one of the greatest treasures to survive from Anglo-Saxon times but probably one of the least known."


The end of the Book of Wisdom of Solomon is pictured above.

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A list of the Books in the Bible.

Notice the four Gospels listed in the third column.  Matthew (Matheu),  Mark (Marcu), Luke (Luca), and John (Joh.)

Secundum is Latin and is defined as “according to.”

See   Bible  Codex   Amiatinus  Page  2


Notice above how the Book Ecclesiasticus  or called Sirach above is grouped in the middle of wisdom or Prophets section of the Bible. See second column above.  The Deuterocanonical (or so called Apocryphal) Books are not grouped into a separate section by themselves as was done in the King James Bible.

See King James Bible.

See Catholic German language Bible before Luther
It also has the Deuterocanonical (or so called Apocryphal) Books not grouped together, but rather placed in the appropriate category of Wisdom, Prophets, or Historical sections to which they belong.




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The sixth century was witness to the activity of a uniquely saintly man who renounced his worldly life to become a hermit. His reputation for holiness attracted many followers, and soon thereafter Benedict of Nursia founded a monastery at Monte Cassino. Benedict’s vision for his monks was rooted in the idea that monasticism was a “school of divine service” in which the monk committed himself to a life of obedience focused on a routine of work, prayer, study, and self-denial. Benedict’s monks preserved and maintained Western civilization through their painstaking work of copying ancient Greek and Roman manuscripts, as well as devoting time to copying and illustrating Scripture.

Working in the scriptoriums of Benedictine monasteries in the Middle Ages was not easy. It took nearly a year to copy a Bible manuscript. The process was laborious and wearisome; as one monk recorded, “He who does not know how to write imagines it to be no labor; but though three fingers only hold the pen, the whole body goes weary.” Any copying work the monk did not finish during the day had to be completed at night, even in the cold winter months.

Bibles were not only copied but richly and beautifully illuminated with elaborate images. Bible illumination began in the fifth century with Irish monks ... The famous
Lindisfarne Gospels ...

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