allusions to the Deuterocanonical Books
prophetic verses in those Books
Some of the allusions are stronger and more direct while
others less so. While these allusions may not
prove inspiration they do show that the Apostolic men used these books when
they wrote the New Testament. All the following verses are from
the Revised Standard Version unless otherwise noted.
King James Version
including the Apocrypha and
NAB - New American Bible)
I have included below only those allusions containing
concepts or ideas that could not be traced back to the Books listed in the Protestant
canon. Some of these allusions are very strong.
The Old Testament quotation is
followed by the New Testament Book
that alludes to it.
1 Maccabees 4:59
“Judas and his brothers and the entire
congregation of Israel decreed that the days
of the dedication of the altar should be observed with joy
and gladness on the anniversary every year for
eight days, from the 25 day of the month Chislev.”
“The feast of the
Dedication was then taking place in Jerusalem. It was
Jesus celebrates this
feast mentioned in John’s Gospel. It was instituted by Judas
Maccabees in 164 BC. It falls in November/December and is called
2 Maccabees 5:19
Nevertheless God did not choose
the people for the place’s sake, but the place far the people’s sake. KJVA
And he said unto them, The sabbath was made
for man, and not man for the sabbath: KJV
2 Maccabees 7: 1, 20-23
It happened also that seven
brothers and their mother were arrested and were being compelled by the
king, under torture with whips and cords, to partake of unlawful swine’s
flesh…  The mother was especially admirable
and worthy of honorable
memory. Though she saw her seven sons perish within a single day, she bore
it with good courage because of her hope in the Lord.
She encouraged each of them … "… Therefore the
Creator of the world, who shaped the beginning
of man and devised the origin of all things, will in his mercy give life and
breath back to you again, since you now forget yourselves for the sake of
Women received their dead by resurrection.
Some were tortured, refusing to accept release, that they might
to a better life.
2 Maccabees 7:28
I beseech you, my child, to
look at the heaven and the earth and see everything that is in them, and recognize
that God did not make them out of things that existed.
…all things were made through him, and without him was
not anything made that was made.
2 Maccabees 13:4
“But the King of kings
aroused the anger of Antiochus against the scoundrel.”
“ … and the Lamb will conquer them, for he
is Lord of lords and King of kings, and
those with him are called and chosen and faithful.” Also see
(Ezra 7:12, Ezekiel
26:7, and Daniel 2:37 use this title, King of Kings, for the enemies
of Israel, but only in the Deuterocanonicals is it used for God.)
“Fear not, Jerusalem! …
31 Fearful are those who harmed you …
Fearful are the cities where your children
were enslaved …
35 For fire shall come upon her
from the Eternal God, for a long time,
and demons shall dwell in her from that time
“And he called out with a mighty voice,
‘Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great!
It has become a dwelling place of demons,
a haunt of every foul spirit,
a haunt of every foul and hateful bird’ ”
My son, if you come forward to serve
the Lord, prepare yourself for temptation.
2 Timothy 3:12
Indeed all who desire to live
a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted…
Those who fear the Lord will not
disobey his words, and those who love him will keep his ways.
Jesus answered him, "If a man loves
me, he will keep my word…
Be swift to hear; and let thy life be
sincere; and with patience give answer. KJVA (see
verse 13 in NAB)
Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every
man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath: KJV
“Avert your eyes from
a comely woman;
gaze not upon the beauty of another’s wife—
Through woman’s beauty many perish
for lust for it burns like fire.”
“But I say to you, everyone who looks at a woman with lust has already committed
adultery with her in his heart.”
…when he says, "I have found rest, and
now I shall enjoy my goods!"
he does not know how much time will pass until he leaves them to
others and dies.
And he told them a parable, saying,
"The land of a rich man brought forth plentifully….19 And I will say to
my soul, Soul, you have ample goods laid up for many years;
take your ease,
eat, drink, be merry.’ But God said to him, ‘Fool! This night your
soul is required of you; and the things you have prepared, whose will they
be?’ So is he who lays up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward
Do not say, "Because of the Lord
I left the right way"; for he will not do what he hates. Do not say,
"It was he who led me astray"; for he had no need of a sinful man.
Let no one say when he is tempted, "I am
tempted by God"; for God cannot be tempted with evil and he himself tempts
“O Lord, Father and
Ruler of my life,
do not abandon me to their counsel,
and let me not fall because of them!...
O Lord, Father and God of my life,
do not give me haughty eyes, and
remove from me evil desire.”
“This is how you are
Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name ... ”
The fruit discloses the cultivation of
a tree; so the expression of a thought discloses the cultivation of a man’s
By their fruits you will know them.
Forgive your neighbor the wrong he has
done, and then your sins will be pardoned when you pray.
“Pray then like this:
forgive us our debts,
As we also have forgiven our debtors”
“Lose your silver for the sake of a brother
or a friend,
and do not let it
rust under a stone
and be lost.
11 Lay up your
treasure according to the commandments of the Most High,
and it will profit you more than gold.12 Store up almsgiving in your
and it will rescue you from all affliction”
“but lay up for
yourselves treasures in heaven, where
neither moth nor rust consumes and
where thieves do not break in and steal.”
23 Draw near to me,
you who are untaught,
and lodge in my school. ...
Put your neck under the yoke,
let your souls receive instruction;
it is to be found close by.
27 See with your eyes that I have labored
and found myself much rest.”
“Come to me,
all you who labor and are burdened, and I
will give you rest.
29 Take my yoke
upon you and
learn from me, for I am meek and humble
and you will find rest for your selves.
my yoke is easy, and my burden light.”
Wisdom of Solomon 9:1
"O God of my fathers and Lord
of mercy, who hast made all things by thy
In the beginning was the Word, and …
all things were made through him,
and without him was not anything made that was made.
Wisdom of Solomon 9:16
We can hardly guess at what
is on earth, and what is at hand we find with labor; but who has traced out
what is in the heavens?
If I have told you earthly things
and you do not believe, how can you believe if I tell you heavenly things?
Wisdom of Solomon 9:17
Who has learned thy counsel,
unless thou hast given wisdom and sent thy holy Spirit from on high?
But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom
the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things, and bring
to your remembrance all that I have said to you.
Wisdom of Solomon 13:1
“For all men were by nature foolish who were
in ignorance of
God, and who from the good things seen did not succeed in knowing
who is, and from studying the works did not discern the
“ … for he was looking forward to the city
with foundations, whose architect and
maker is God.”
In the Greek both passages above describe God as “tecnithV.”
Wisdom of Solomon
13:1-19 and 14:1-31
1 For all men who were ignorant of God were foolish by nature;
and they were unable from the good things that are seen to know him
nor did they recognize the craftsman while
paying heed to his works;2 but they supposed that either fire
or wind or swift air,
or the circle of the stars, or turbulent water,or the luminaries
of heaven were the gods that rule the world. …
and they trust in what they see, because the things that
are seen are beautiful.8 Yet again, not even they are to be excused;
9 for if they had the power to know so much
that they could investigate the world,
how did they fail to find sooner the Lord of these things?
10 But miserable, with their hopes set on dead things, are the men
who give the name “gods” to the works of men’s
gold and silver fashioned with skill,and likenesses of animals …
17 When he prays about possessions and his marriage and children,
he is not ashamed to address a lifeless thing.
18 For health he appeals to a thing that is weak;
for life he prays to a thing that is dead …
Wisdom of Solomon
12 For the idea of making idols was the
beginning of fornication,
and the invention of them was the corruption of life, …
19 For he, perhaps wishing to please his ruler,
skilfully forced the likeness to take more beautiful form,20 and the
multitude, attracted by the charm of his work, now regarded as an
worship the one whom shortly before they had honored as a man…
24 they no longer keep either their lives or
their marriages pure,
but they either treacherously kill one another, or grieve one
another by adultery, and all is a raging riot of blood and murder,
theft and deceit, corruption, faithlessness, tumult, perjury,
confusion over what is good, forgetfulness of favors, pollution of
souls, sex perversion, disorder in marriage, adultery, and
27 For the worship of idols not to be named is
the beginning and cause and end of every evil..
… So they are without excuse;21 for although they knew God they
did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but
they became futile in their thinking and their
senseless minds were darkened.22 Claiming to be wise, they became
fools,23 and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images
resembling mortal man or birds or animals or reptiles.
Therefore God gave them up in the lusts of
their hearts to impurity, to the dishonoring of their bodies
among themselves,25 because they exchanged the truth about God for a
lie and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator,
who is blessed for ever! Amen.
26 For this reason God gave them up to dishonorable passions. … and
the men likewise gave up natural relations with women and were
consumed with passion for one another, men committing shameless acts
with men and receiving in their own persons the due penalty for
28 And since they did
not see fit to acknowledge God, God gave them up to a base mind and to
improper conduct.29 They were filled with all manner of
evil, covetousness, malice. Full of envy, murder, strife, deceit,
malignity, they are gossips,30 slanderers, haters of God, insolent,
haughty, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents,31
foolish, faithless, heartless, ruthless.32 Though they know God’s
decree that those who do such things deserve to die, they not only
do them but approve those who practice them.
Wisdom of Solomon 15:3
“For to know thee is complete righteousness,
and to know thy power is the root of immortality.”
“Now this is eternal life, that they should
know you, the only true God, and the one whom you sent, Jesus
Wisdom of Solomon 15:7
For when a potter kneads the
soft earth and laboriously molds each vessel for our service, he fashions
out of the same clay both the vessels that serve clean uses and those for
contrary uses, making all in like manner;
but which shall be the use of
each of these the worker in clay decides.
Has the potter no right over the clay,
to make out of the same lump one vessel for beauty and another for menial
Upon seeing the abundance of food I said
to my son, "Go and bring whatever poor man of our brethren you may find who
is mindful of the Lord, and I will wait for you."
But when you give a feast, invite the poor, the
maimed, the lame, the blind, and you will be blessed
“For charity delivers from death and
keeps you from entering the darkness”
“ … yet mercy triumphs over judgment.”
1 John 4:16
“ … God is love”
1 John 1:5-7
“ … God is light and in him is no darkness
at all. If we say we have fellowship with him
while we walk in darkness, we lie and do not live according
to the truth;7 but if we walk in the light, as
he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and
the blood of Jesus his Son cleanses us from
And what you hate, do not do to any one…
So whatever you wish that men would do
to you, do so to them; for this is the law and the prophets.
Prayer is good when accompanied by fasting,
almsgiving, and righteousness.
2 When you give alms …
5 "When you pray …
16 "When you fast, do not look gloomy like the hypocrites … they
have received their reward. NAB
Prayer and fasting are good, but
better than either is almsgiving accompanied by righteousness.
A little with righteousness is better than abundance with wickedness. NAB
And the Lord said to him, "Now you Pharisees
cleanse the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside you are full
of extortion and wickedness … But give for alms those things which are within;
and behold, everything is clean for you. "But woe to you Pharisees!
for you tithe mint and rue and every herb, and neglect justice and the love
of God; these you ought to have done, without neglecting the others.
For almsgiving delivers from death, and
it will purge away every sin. Those who perform deeds of charity and
of righteousness will have fullness of life;
1 Peter 4:8-10
Above all, let your love for one another
be intense, because love covers a multitude of sins … As each one has received
a gift, use it to serve one another as good stewards of God’s varied grace.
And so, when you and your daughter-in-law
Sarah prayed, I brought a reminder of your prayer before the Holy One; and
when you buried the dead, I was likewise present with you. When you
did not hesitate to rise and leave your dinner in order to go and lay out
the dead, your good deed was not hidden from me, but I was with you...
Raphael, one of the seven holy angels who present the prayers of the saints
and enter into the presence of the glory of the Holy One."
Then I saw the seven angels who stand
before God, and seven trumpets were given to them… and the smoke of the
incense rose with the prayers
of the saints from the hand of the angel before God.
“… said to her: “Blessed are you, daughter,
by the Most High God, above all the women on earth; and blessed be
the Lord God, the creator of heaven and earth …”
“ … and said, “Most blessed are you among
women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb [baby Jesus].”
Wisdom: Chapters One And Two Are Truly Prophetic..
The writers of Sacred Scripture could not include everything
that Jesus said and did, Cf. John 21:25. They had to chose what to
include and what to leave out. I suggest that the Holy Spirit inspired
them to include the following New Testament quotations because they are examples
of fulfilled prophecy in the Old Testament. These particular prophecies
are only found in the Deuterocanonical Books.
Wisdom of Solomon 1:5
“For the holy spirit of discipline
flees deceit and withdraws from senseless counsels and when injustice occurs
it is rebuked.”
“The Pharisees went out and immediately took counsel
with the Herodians against him [Jesus] to put him to death.”
[The Pharisees are rebuked in Matthew 23. See below.]
Please compare the
blue prophetic text of Wisdom below with
the corresponding blue text in the
And do the same for the
corresponding prophetic red and
Wisdom of Solomon 2:1, 12
[evil ones] who said among themselves, thinking not aright ...
12. Let us
lie in wait for the righteous man,
is inconvenient to us and opposes our actions;
he reproaches us for sins against the law, and accuses
us of sins against our training.”
“The scribes and the Pharisees
watched him [Jesus] closely to see if he would cure on the sabbath
so that they might discover a reason to accuse him.”
you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you are like whitewashed
tombs, which outwardly appear beautiful, but within they are full of dead
men’s bones and all uncleanness. So you also outwardly appear
righteous to men, but within you are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.”
“Do not think
that I shall accuse you to the Father; it is Moses who accuses you,
on whom you set your hope. If you believed Moses, you would believe
me, for he wrote of me.”
Wisdom of Solomon 2:13
He professes to have knowledge of God…
But you have not known him (the Father);
I know him. If I said, I do not know him, I should be a liar like you; but
I do know him and I keep his word.
Wisdom of Solomon 2:13
…and calls himself a child
of the Lord.
…do you say of him whom the Father consecrated
and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the
Son of God’ ? If I am not doing the works of my Father, then
do not believe me; but if I do them, even though you do not believe
me, believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is
in me and I am in the Father."
Wisdom of Solomon 2:14
He became to us a reproof
of our thoughts…
But Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said,
"Why do you think evil in your hearts?"
Wisdom of Solomon
“He judges us debased;
he holds aloof from our paths as
from things impure.
He calls blest the destiny of the just
and boasts that God is his Father.”
“For this reason the Jews tried all the
more to kill him, because he not only
broke the sabbath but he also
called God his own father, making himself equal to God.”
Wisdom of Solomon 2:18 -20
…for if the righteous
man is God’s son, he will help him, and will deliver him from the hand of
his adversaries…Let us condemn him to a shameful death, for, according to
what he says, he will be protected."
“ ... save yourself! If you are the Son of God,
come down from the cross." So also the chief priests, with the
scribes and elders, mocked him, saying, "He saved others; he
cannot save himself. He is the King of Israel; let him come down now from
the cross, and we will believe in him. He trusts in God; let
God deliver him now, if he desires him; for he said, ‘I am the Son of God.’"
Wisdom of Solomon 5:4
“This is the man whom we once held in
and made a byword of reproach—we fools!
We thought that his life was madness
and that his end was without honor.”
“Many of them said, ‘He is possessed
and out of his mind; why listen to him?’ ”
AN EXAMPLE OF PROPHESY
IN SIRACH IS:
“The man who fears
the Lord will do this,
and he who holds to the law
2 She will come to meet him like a
and like the wife of his youth she will welcome him.
She will feed him with the
bread of understanding,
and give him the
water of wisdom to drink.”
Jesus said to them, "I am the bread of life;
whoever comes to me will never hunger, and whoever believes in me
Jesus answered and said to her, "If you
knew the gift of God and who is saying to you, ‘Give me a drink,’ you would
have asked him and he would have given you living water." NAB
Some more off site articles on the canon:
Both of these web sites below will tend to list allusions
for example, Matt 4:4 as an allusion to Wisdom 16:26, while
Matt 4:4 is quoting Deuteronomy 8:3. These are useful
to some degree, but I have tried to exclude them in the list
above and only include those allusions that I believe are stronger and
Heart to Heart
Return to :
OF THE BIBLE
Deuterocanonical books - what they are
Justin the Martyr
10. Protestant scholars
Allusions in the New Testament to the Deuterocanonical "apocrypha" books
True Prophecy in the Deuterocanonical Books
13. How To Read the
Fathers on the Canon.
German Language Bibles Before Luther with Deuterocanonical Bks
15. Bible Canon Uncertainties if No
16. Did Jesus ever quote any OT books that
Protestants don’t “believe in”?
17. Canon of the Bible : Determining its
MARY MORAL ISSUES
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